In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), or what is commonly referred to as IVF transfers, is the assisted/aided reproductive technology (ART). In the IVF process, fertilization of the egg is done outside the female body. An egg is extracted and a sperm sample is retrieved and they are both united or merged manually. The manual fusion of the egg and sperm is done in a laboratory, after that, the embryo is then put in the uterus. If you want to know more and looking for a Specialist, speak to Consultant at Melbourne-IVF they will recommend what’s best for you.
There are a number of reasons why IVF is used. When the fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked. Patients who have premature ovarian failure, ovulation disorder or uterine fibroids can also opt for IVF. It can also be used for the treatment of infertility when the male has sperm motility or a low sperm count.
There are a number of steps involved in the IVF transfer process. The initial step is the stimulation of egg production. This is done by fertility medication. Since not all eggs will fertilize or develop, a number of eggs are extracted. The second step is the actual retrieval of the eggs. This involves a minor surgery that employs the use of ultrasound imaging. The surgical procedure can cause a bit of discomfort but medication is used to ease the pain. The sperm sample is then retrieved. The eggs and sperm are then mixed together in a process known as insemination and put in a laboratory dish. Close monitoring of the eggs is done to ensure that fertilization and cell division takes place. Three to five days later, the embryos are transferred into the uterus. A small tube called a catheter is used to transfer the embryos into the uterus. Presuming that all goes well, implantation normally happen five to nine days later.
The patient needs to relax or rest after the surgery for a short while before resuming their day to day activities. The IVF transfers can have some side effects like mild bloating and cramping, breast tenderness, constipation and passing of some clear fluid. These side effects ought not to be alarming. In the event that you experience pelvic pain, heavy vaginal bleeding, high fever, and blood in the urine, you should pay a visit to the doctor.
Successful IVF depends on lifestyle factors, maternal age, reproductive history among other factors. It is also worth to note that the pregnancy rates are not similar to the successful birth rates.