How to know if gum graft healing stages are properly developing? What are the things you can do to improve the healing process? Since each individual has a unique condition, the recovery time may vary from person to person. However, there are standard practices to improve your recovery after surgery. If you are looking for a family dental practice, you can visit clinics like Advanced Dental Care in Dubbo.
What is a Gum Graft Surgery?
A gum graft is a kind of dental surgical procedure performed to address the impacts of gum recession. It is a fast and generally straightforward procedure. The dentist or a periodontist eliminates healthy gum tissue from the top of the mouth and applies it to fabricate the gum back up where it has retreated.
Gum recession happens when gum tissue erodes, uncovering a more significant amount of the tooth root. This may result in expanded sensitivity, mainly when eating or drinking cold or hot foods.
Since gum recession tends to transpire gradually, numerous individuals do not know it is happening to them. Whenever left untreated, gum recession could prompt tooth loss.
Some individuals decide to have gum graft surgery for cosmetic reasons, for example, to have a better smile. While for others, gum grafting is essential to protect the uncovered tooth from harm and fix any damage previously done.
Procedure in Gum Graft surgery
There are different kinds of gum graft surgery available. The type of procedure undertaken relies upon the degree and seriousness of the damage and an individual’s necessities.
Before doing the gum graft surgery, the periodontist will direct a local anesthetic to be numb the region, so the treatment does not harm.
Additionally, they may lift a portion of the current gum away to uncover the tooth root and clean it.
The three main kinds of gum graft surgery are:
Connective Tissue Grafts
During this method, the periodontist:
- eliminates tissue from the top of the mouth by making a fold and taking tissue from under the top surface
- stitches the tissue onto the current gum tissue to address the gum recession and protect the uncovered tooth root
- stitches the fold on the top of the mouth from where they got the tissue
Free Gingival Grafts
This procedure is ideal for individuals with thin gums who need additional tissue to amplify the gums. During this method, the periodontist:
- eliminates tissue straightforwardly from the top surfacer of tissue on the upper part of the mouth
- attaches this tissue to the current gum region
A pedicle graft is best for individuals with heaps of gum tissue developing close to the uncovered tooth. During the process, the periodontist:
- grafts tissue from the gum close or around the tooth needing treatment
- only moderately removes this tissue, keeping one edge attached
- stretches the tissue over or down, covering the uncovered tooth root and supporting it in place with stitches
A periodontist may get the tissue from a tissue bank instead of eliminating gum tissue from an individual’s mouth.
The Gum Graft Healing Stages: What to know?
There are two main gum graft healing stages that you will go through for a total and safe healing.
Gum Graft Healing Stage One: Healing of The Gums
You will realize that mending has started when the soft tissues decrease and there is less inflammation. The gum tissues slowly begin to tie to the root surface and close by the bone surface also. New vessels will likewise start to shape, and the tissues will get sufficient blood supply. This healing stage ranges from four to six weeks following the surgical procedure.
Gum Graft Healing Stage Two: Recovering of The Palate
The palate or the roof of the mouth takes more time to recover than the gum graft itself and ranges from six to about two months after surgery. For the initial few days, you will encounter a burning sensation. It will take around two weeks before the uneasiness will stop. The healing process may last over two months if there is soreness and swelling or if the tissue extraction came about to an uncovered bone.
Pain Medication and Post-Operative Instructions
Your dentist or surgeon will give you guidelines as you go through the post-operative stage. You must adhere to them to avoid unwanted uneasiness.
Antibiotics and Pain Medication
Your dentist will prescribe antibiotics and pain medication for you. Follow the directions and complete the course of antibiotics to prevent infection after the procedures. Furthermore, for pain medication, your dentist may recommend anti-inflammatory drugs like Advil and Tylenol.
A Palatal Stent
Your dentist will give a palatal stent to protect the upper part of your mouth as it heals. It limits bleeding and keeps the area clean upon the expulsion of the stitches.
No vigorous activity for two weeks after the procedure, like lifting heavy things. If bleeding happens, place dressing on each side of the area yet not straightforwardly over it.
Maintain a Good Oral Hygiene Practice
Poor dental hygiene is one reason for gum recession, gum infection, and other dental problems. After surgery, you will still require to brush your teeth! However, do not brush the affected area of your gum grafting surgery. You can mildly pass the brush over the tops of your teeth yet avoid touching the affected area.
Additionally, your dentist will most likely give you a special mouth rinse to bring home. So ensure you utilize this consistently to keep your mouth clean as possible.
Eat Soft Foods
Adhere to soft and cold foods while still healing from the surgery. The ideal foods during the recovery period include:
- Cottage cheese
- Soft-boiled or scrambled eggs
- Ice cream
- Soft or well-cooked vegetables
It could take a long for some patients to undergo gum graft healing stages. Others take four to about two months before their gum tissues heal entirely. Additionally, the healing period will rely upon the tissues’ amount extracted from the top of the patient’s mouth and its thickness and area.
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