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Health Care

Why Does Bleeding From Mouth and Throat Happen?

Bleeding from the mouth and throat may result from relatively minor issues, such as a scratch or a mild infection. However, this can also indicate a more severe condition that requires immediate medical attention. If that is the case, you can go to an emergency dentist to determine where the blood is coming from. Most of the time, bleeding gums are the main reason. It could be caused by gum disease, canker sores, mouth sores, or even forceful brushing or flossing your teeth. In any case, if you cough up blood, it may appear that your throat is bleeding. Keep reading to learn why you might find blood in your mouth and when to see a doctor.

 

Possible Causes of Mouth Bleeding

There are many possible reasons for your mouth to bleed. These include bleeding in your gums, teeth, or throat. Here are some of the common causes.

 

Bleeding gums

Checkup for bleeding from mouth and throat.Some severe medical cases may cause bleeding gums. However, the most common reason for bleeding gums is poor oral hygiene, which prompts gum disease. Generally, critical instances of bleeding mouth due to gum disease can result in tooth sensitivity and discomfort. Other possible reasons for bleeding gums include:

 

Gum Disease

Gum or periodontal diseases are usually the consequence of infections and inflammation of the gums and bones surrounding and holding the teeth. In its beginning phase, called gingivitis, the gums can become red and swollen and might bleed. In its more advanced form, called periodontitis, the gums can recede from the tooth, causing bone loss and even tooth loss. moreover, surgical treatments like gum grafts can also fail and cause serious bleeding and discomfort.

 

Leukemia

Also, bleeding gums can be a sign of leukemia. It is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. If you have this condition, your platelet count is low. That makes it difficult for you to stop bleeding in various areas of your body, such as your gums.

 

Too Little Vitamin C

Vitamin C helps your tissue develop and repair. It helps improve wounds and strengthen your bones and teeth. If you do not have enough vitamin C, you might feel irritable and weak. Over time, it can result in swollen and bleeding gums.

 

Diabetes

Swollen or bleeding gums can also be a sign of diabetes. Once you have diabetes, your mouth is vulnerable to fight germs. Hence, you are more bound to get an infection such as gum disease. High blood sugar levels that accompany diabetes make it difficult for your body to heal, exacerbating gum disease.

 

Thrombocytopenia

Another possible condition is that you may have thrombocytopenia, especially if your gums bleed and it does not stop alone. If you have thrombocytopenia, you might not have sufficient platelets to develop a blood clot. That can lead to excessive bleeding in various areas of your body, including your gums.

 

Blood From The Throat

Blood from the throat may occur because of injuries, infections, anticoagulant medications, or health conditions.

 

Injuries

Trauma or injury to the mouth, throat, or chest could bring blood to your mouth or sputum.The patient visits her dentist because she is experiencing mouth pain.

A mouth or throat injury may occur if you bite on something hard or receive a solid hit to the mouth or throat area. For example, you recently had a physical assault, car accident, sports injury, or a fall. Also, blood in your mouth may happen when you have mouth ulcers, mouth sores, or bleeding gums.

On the other hand, a hit to the chest area can result in a bruised lung. One of the symptoms of a serious blow to the chest can be coughing up blood.

 

Infections

Infections happen when an unfamiliar organism, like bacteria or viruses, infiltrates your body and causes harm. A few conditions can make you cough up blood-tinged saliva, these incorporate:

  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Severe or prolonged cough
  • Tuberculosis

 

Anticoagulant Medications

Physician-recommended prescriptions that keep blood from clotting, known as anticoagulants, can have side effects like coughing up blood.

Other symptoms of anticoagulants can be blood when you urinate, nosebleeds that do not stop easily, and vomiting blood. These medicines include:

  • dabigatran (Pradaxa)
  • apixaban (Eliquis)
  • rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
  • edoxaban (Savaysa)
  • warfarin (Coumadin)

Additionally, using cocaine can likewise cause hacking up blood.

 

Health Conditions

Certain health conditions are described by coughing and, at times, blood showing up in the throat or sputum, including:

 

Treatment For Mouth Bleeding

If you have blood in your mouth, your treatment relies upon the underlying condition causing it, for example:

  • dental deep cleaning to treat gum infections
  • surgical procedures to treat a blood clot or tumor
  • steroids to address an inflammatory disease behind the bleeding
  • cough suppressants for a prolonged cough
  • antivirals to lessen the duration or severity of a viral infection
  •  antibiotics for infections, such as bacterial pneumonia or tuberculosis
  • chemotherapy or radiotherapy to treat lung cancer

Suppose you are coughing up too much blood before addressing the main reason. In that case, treatment will stop the bleeding and keep blood and other material from entering your lungs. Furthermore, when these symptoms are settled, the fundamental reason for the blood being coughed up will be treated.

 

When To See a Doctor

A person should make an appointment with their dentist if they see changes in their teeth, gums, or mouth. Pain, inflammation, or bleeding of the gums should not occur daily. Suppose the issue emerges as often as possible or does not disappear with a proper oral hygiene routine. In that case, Boutique’s dental clinic located in Chatswood can check for early-phase gum disease and other dental concerns.

In addition, it is crucial to address if you have unexplained coughing up of blood. Visit a doctor to get medical advice and treatment recommendations.

Moreover, see a specialist if the blood in your sputum is accompanied by:

  • unexplained weight loss
  • a loss of appetite
  • blood in your urine or stool

Remember not to take your symptoms lightly. Finding out the leading problem as soon as possible can help treat and stop worsening the condition.

 

References:

Periodontal Disease.

https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/conditions/periodontal-disease.html

COPD.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/copd/symptoms-causes/syc-20353679

What are the early signs of type 2 diabetes?

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323185

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