Bone grafts are a frequent surgical procedure performed by specialized dentists around the world. This type of treatment is required when there is not enough bone to implant a tooth or any other necessary procedure. You can read more about this procedure at https://www.evergreendental.com.au/bone-grafting-for-dental-implants/.
When the patient has a missing tooth, the jaw deteriorates with time, this is called resorption. Due to this, the bone is too small, not deep enough or too weak to support an implant. This means that the bone must be taken from another part of the body and placed in such a position that the area is strong enough to hold the implant in place. This bone augmentation procedure is performed by an oral surgeon who has experience of this kind of complex treatment.
It is important to understand that teeth and jaws work in harmony. It is therefore important that these two parts of the mouth work well together to ensure good oral health. During the procedure, surgeons use a small part of the patient’s bone, a donor’s bone or a synthetic bone. Then they cover the gum tissue and let it heal. This is a complicated procedure performed under local anesthesia to prevent discomfort in the area.
What could go wrong?
As in many surgical procedures, the patient will experience some pain of course. The main complications are:
- pain and swelling after surgery
- inflammation of the area
- the graft might be rejected (especially in cases of donor’s or synthetic bone)
- the graft might be absorbed
To limit the complications after the procedure, the patient will need antibiotics and painkillers to prevent infection and excessive pain. Also to allow the area to heal properly the surgeon will probably suggests that after this transplantation, certain foods should be avoided for some period.